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                ߣwww.bitpakkit.comʱ䣺2019/1/20 11:08:17

                ҹͳũҵľѾǧӹȥĵͶͲݱΪִĸͶ߲Ȼ̺ҪĿѧԭҹʳоҪĵλ[1-3]Ʒƽȵоͬ׵Ƚޣ—׼رˮЧߣ4-5ޣ—׼,ͬϵֲܶȺȲͬϵˮֵԲͬˮֵЧʣ6-7㶹—׼ˮڷˮֵĻЧʶﵽˮ[8]󷢻صЧ֤ʳ[9]ǶƼڱũ̬άũҵɳչ[10]ϵڲͬĸϵ,ͻˮֵIJ[11-12]ҹмֲܵصǶϷڱ[13-14]Соޣ—СıȽԥλڻƻƽԭĸҹҪС˺üˮֺͻȱʮҪޣΪһֶϵÿγ“ȫ”ˮֽнػ벻ͬСʽԺ˽ˮֱ仯ˮЧʴﵽļΪоСֲΪԥд̽ҹСޣ—Сʽ׶ˮֵӰϵʹˮЧʴﵽʵֱԸ

                1 뷽

                1.1 ſ

                صλںʡũ̬ϵͳҰѧ۲оվγ34°35′13′′115°34′30′′55.6 mõů´ʪ󼾷ƽ708 mm꼯79·ƽ13.9 ˪230 dڼʽ仯Ҫ69ڼ¶ȱ仯35ΪޣֲǰȽ¶ȼֵ仯Ƚϴˮķֲ¶ȵļֵ仯ڼˮֵı仯һӰչǰʵжС—ֲΪĸΪƺӳ0~40 cm201749տʼʵʩޣ—Сʱޣǰ0~40 cm1.42 g·cm-3ˮΪ17.41%~20.30%ˮ)40~100 cmؼˮֱΪ1.34 g·cm-322.24%~27.76%2016—2017궬Сνڣ2017219գ׷ʩϷϣN-P2O5-K2O=30:10:0600 kg·hm-22017—2018궬Сνڣ201837գ׷ʩϷϣN-P2O5-K2O=27:7:6600 kg·hm-2鿪ʼʱ1ʾ

                1.2 鷽

                ΪСֲ2016^Ϊ225 kg·hm-2ƷΪԭ958ޣ201749ȥС˹ޣƷΪMATTWI125 kg·hm-2ʽÿظޣСΪ1 m1 m1 m2 mÿС20 m5 mСΪ100 m2,ޣ—ޣо30 cmС—Со20 cm赥СCK-X͵ޣCK-MΪСޣʽ׵ĶԱ

                1.3 ˮֲⶨ

                20174ޣǰɼ0~100 cmƷÿ10 cmһúɷⶨˮΪ֮20176պ10·֮ǰԼ20184Сνǰ20186պڸСڵޣкСϷֱ0~100 cmڵķֲúɷⶨˮ

                ˮΪ

                DwʾˮmmθvΪˮ% hΪȣcm,θmΪˮ%, ρΪ

                ׶κˮΪ

                W=Dw1-Dw2

                WΪ׶κˮmmDw1Ϊ׶γ0~100 cmˮmmDw2Ϊ׶ĩ0~100 cmˮmm

                1.4 ݴ

                SPSS 22.0Excel 2010ͳƷ

                2

                2.1 ͬʽˮ

                20176رʢ֮СޣʢˮСޣִʽ׵ˮֺ0~70 cmԸڵС͵ޣͼ1 5m-M15m-M2ˮ30 cmͣ5m-M1 20.87%5m-M2 19.27%5m-X15m-X2ˮֱ20 cm30 cmͣ5m-X1 22.90%5m-X2 22.13%ܽˮӰ0~20 cm4»ȽϾвͬȵ80 cmֻеСȻȽƽCK-Xˮ0~100 cmС5m-X15m-X2CK-M0~80 cmС5m-M15m-M280 cm5m-M15m-M2ƽ

                20177~10ºˮҪޣʱ5m-M15m-X1ˮͬ20~80 cmھԸڵСڵޣ5m-M25m-X2ˮ뵥ƽС󵥲ͼ25m-M15m-M2ˮ30 cm20 cmͣ5m-M1 22.39%5m-M2 21.96%5m-X15m-X2ˮֱ30 cm10 cmͣ5m-X1 23.05%5m-X2 20.89%10´ԥ꼾ˮ4»Ƚ20~40 cm뵥Сƽ

                20183СޣԽʼ5m-M15m-X1ˮ뵥С͵ƽ5m-M25m-X240~90 cmڵС뵥ޣƽͼ33ԥ¿ʼʱˮ—СˮСޣִʽ׶10 cmˮͣ5m-M1 16.51%5m-M2 17.47%5m-X1 16.50%5m-X2 16.01%50 cmԵСޣʽ50 cm»ƽ

                20186Сպޣһ׸СޣϵҪֲ60~80 cmޣ70 cmϳ70 cm¼½С½60~80 cm½5m-M15m-X1ˮ30~80 cmޣ5m-M15m-M280 cmС5m-M15m-M270 cmϵС5m-X15m-X270 cm5m-X2ˮԶڵСͼ4ʱԥƽԭ´ﵽ38.9 ʢ֮ˮСޣִʽ׶10 cmˮͣ5m-M1 12.01%5m-M2 13.51%5m-X1 8.44%5m-X2 10.81%40 cmƽ40 cm½ϻȾв̶ͬȵĽ

                2.2 ͬʽޣСˮ״

                ÷ʽͬʱ˴ʽ״ͬʽ״0~100 cmˮ뵥ޣСˮڲͬʱڵĶԱͼ5ʾ201767ִʽ0~100 cmˮڵޣ뵥С20~40 cmʱCK-Xˮ5m-X1(P< 0.05)5m-X15m-X2(P< 0.05)5m-M15m-M2ֱCK-M18.85 mm14.77 mmˮΪ5m-M1>5m-M2>CK-M뵥ޣ5m-M15m-M26.34%5.01%5m-X15m-X2ֱCK-X62.13 mm77.52 mmˮΪ5m-X2>5m-X1>CK-X뵥С5m-X15m-X224.41%30.46%

                20177~10Ϊޣʽޣڵޣˮޣϵγ“Ӫ”ˮֳޣˮޣСˮڵСޣ뵥ޣˮ60~80 cmС40~60 cm첢(P>0.05)5m-M15m-M2ֱCK-M20.09 mm15.32 mmˮΪCK-M>5m-M2>5m-M1뵥ޣ5m-M15m-M25.45%4.15%5m-X15m-X2ֱCK-X2.23 mm10.07 mmˮΪ5m-X2>5m-X1>CK-X뵥С5m-X15m-X20.65%2.92%

                2018317ԽޣеˮޣС5m-X1Ե5m-X ޣ뵥ޣˮ0~20 cmС20~40 cm첢(P>0.05)5m-M15m-M2ֱCK-M4.35 mm10.07 mmˮΪ5m-M2>5m-M1>CK-M뵥ޣ5m-M15m-M21.41%3.27%5m-X1CK-X11.49 mm5m-X2CK-X5.25 mmˮΪ5m-X2>CK-X>5m-X1뵥С5m-X13.66%5m-X21.67%

                201868ޣˮޣС5m-X15m-X2ޣС뵥80~100 cmʱCK-X5m-X1첢P>0.055m-X2P<0.055m-M15m-M2ֱCK-M5.38 mm3.67 mmˮΪCK-M>5m-M2>5m-M1뵥ޣ5m-M15m-M22.03%1.38%5m-X1CK-X6.05 mm5m-X2CK-X22.23 mmˮΪ5m-X2>CK-X>5m-X1뵥С5m-X12.54%5m-X29.32%

                2.3 ͬʽˮֵ

                Ҫ߶ˮֵЧ˽ޣСˮù20171026—2018317Ϊޣ—Сͬˮڽˮˮۻ׶ֲˮٷֱȼ3ڴڼCK-Xˮ5m-X1P<0.05ʱCK-Mˮ5m-M25m-M1P<0.055m-M15m-M2첢P>0.055m-X1Ҫˮ40~60 cm5m-X2ˮҪ0~20 cmֱռ61.8%70.8%5m-X160~80 cmˮۻ5m-X280~100 cmˮӯδˮ5m-X2ˮ5m-X1СҪˮ0~20 cmռܺˮ60.7%20~60 cmˮۻʱˮΪ5m-X1>5m-X2>CK-X5m-M1Ҫˮ40~60 cm5m-M2ˮҪ0~20 cmֱռܺˮ62.5%56.8%5m-M15m-M260~100 cmˮӯޣˮҪ20~40 cmռܺˮ29.6%ʱˮΪCK-M>5m-M1>5m-M2

                20183—20186Сӷ뵽ˮռȫ35%40%[15-16]ޣʢˮ֮رʢʱˮֲˮ4ڴڼCK-Xˮ5m-X2P<0.055m-X1Ҫˮ0~20 cm5m-X2ˮҪ60~80 cmֱռ23.0%31.5%СҪˮ80~100 cmռܺˮ40.3%ʱˮΪCK-X>5m-X2>5m-X15m-M15m-M2͵ޣҪˮ80~100 cmֱռܺˮ33.3%25.3%57.6%ʱˮΪ5m-M2>5m-M1>CK-M

                3

                ڴ˵ˮֻ[17]ֲĵԼijЩֲֲԴ̼Чֹˮʧ[18]뱾оһоޣ—СʽʱΪҪˮﹲͬʱ5m-X2ĺˮСˮΪṩ˵ˮֻ201767201710262018317պ201868ղⶨ5m-X2ˮϵСȷֱ30.46%2.92%1.67%9.32%5m-M2ˮϵޣ20171020183·ֱ4.15%3.27%С—׼ˮЧʽϵ18%~99%[19]ʽ׺ˮ201710—20183´³ƽ20183~6ԵڵСˮ201710—20183ڵޣ20183~6Բ˵ҪʹˮʴﵽѡϺͼ״dzҪޣǶݱֲޣϵͬģʽޣϵʱཻγ“ȫ”ˮֽнˮֵʻα仯д̽

                ͨˮˮˮķΪ1 m2 mʽϵʱˮдٽˮֵתЧʺ͹ֲˮЧˮ߷ˮǿˮԴЭ

                οף

                [1] ̳編,,,.ũָϵͳֲּ־Ʒ[J].ˮо,2000,7(3):219-221.

                [2] ֲ,,þ.չ߹ۺЧ[J].ɺũҵо,1997,15(2):37-43.

                [3] .СľضӰ켰о[D].½:ľѧ,2014,2.

                [4] Ʒ,Ƽ,,.ɺµϻޣֲģʽ뾶Ĺϵ[J].ҵѧ,2014,31(5):922-926

                [5] ƽ,.±깵˹ݵصˮֲ[J].ũҵѧ,2012,28(18):134-141

                [6] Ʒ,,ⷢ,.¸ޣˮֲַ[J].ɺũҵо,2011,29(1):53-57

                [7] ,ⷢ,·,.ޣˮЧо[J].ˮо,2012,19(3):54-57

                [8] BASSO BRUNO,RITCHIE JOE T.Impact of compost, manure and inorganic fertilizeron nitrate leaching and yield for a 6-year maize–alfalfa rotation in Michigan[J].Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment,2005,108(4):329-341.

                [9] ʱ.ƹģʽ༼[J].ũ¸֮,2018(4):112.

                [10] ¹,,Ƽ,.಻̬ͬǶƼЧ༼Ӧǰ[J].йũҵƼ,2017,19(3):63-71.

                [11] MAO L L, ZHANG L Z, LI W Q, et al.Yield advantage and water saving in maize/pea intercrop[J].Field Crops Research,2012,138:11-20.

                [12] SEKIYA N, ARAKI H, YANO K. Applying hydraulic lift in an agroecosystem: Forage plants with shoots removed supply water to neighboring vegetable crops[J].Plant and Soil,2011,341(1/2):39-50.

                [13] ž,ӱ,.—СϵͳСԽ[J].ѧԺѧ,2017,31(2):33-37.

                [14] ¡.ǿũ̬ϵͳܵоչӦչ[J].йũҵ̬ѧ2016,24(4):403-415.

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